Buckwheat also known as common buckwheat, Japanese buckwheat and silver hull buckwheat is a plant cultivated for its grain-like seeds and as a cover crop.
The Name Buckwheat comes from the fact that buckwheat seeds are tri-angular which resemble the much larger seeds of the beech nut from the beech tree, and the fact that it is used like wheat.
Buckwheat is globally known to be healthy food given its high protein content and the fact that it is a complex carbohydrate which helps in reducing weight and provide nutritious alternative to wheat and rice.
In a 100 gram serving providing 343 calories dry and 92 calories cooked, buckwheat is a rich source (20% or more of the Daily Value, DV) of protein, dietary fiber, four B vitamins and several dietary minerals, with content especially high (47 to 65% DV) in niacin, magnesium, manganese and phosphorus (table). Buckwheat is 72% carbohydrates, including 10% dietary fiber, 3% fat and 13% protein (table).
As buckwheat contains no gluten, it may be eaten by people with gluten-related disorders.